253 40 BOND, APARTMENT BUILDING

253
40 Bond, Apartment Building
New York, New York, USA
Project 2004-2005, realization 2006-2007

The site, which occupies five typical narrow New York lots, is located on Bond Street, a relatively wide street with cobblestones in the heart of NoHo. It is embedded in brownstones, warehouses and lofts, which vary significantly in scale and proportion.

The Bond Street area was one of NY's most exclusive residential neighborhoods at the beginning of the 18th century. Prominent families lived in elegant brick and marble-faced row houses and mansions. The area lost its glamour in the 1840s when Fifth Avenue became more desirable and commercial buildings began to replace row houses. The diversity of buildings in NoHo, the mix of residential and industrial buildings, reflects the economic, social and technological transformation of New York in the 19th century.

When we became involved with the project, the framework for the site had already been established. The building’s use, mass and volume had been negotiated with New York officials over several years. The task was to develop a design for 28 condominiums within a strictly defined criterion.

Our idea was to stack two distinct typologies for living - the townhouse and the apartment block.

The five townhouses reintroduce the scale of the original lots. Each townhouse has a recessed entrance porch across its street frontage and a garden to the rear. The porch is separated from the street by a cast aluminum gate, which acts as a physical barrier as well as a visual screen. The gate is a collage of graffiti tags, which were translated into the third dimension with the help of computer technology. The thickness of the strokes is defined according to material thickness requirements of the casting process. The computer program optimizes the density and distribution of the tags according to the structural requirements of the gate. The entrance lobby for the condominiums, a narrow, double-height cut, sits between townhouses Three and Four and connects the street with a small communal garden at the back.

The apartment block is stacked above the townhouses and forms a bracket across the entire width of the site. Its design is a reinvention of the cast-iron building found through NoHo and SoHo. The structure of the building is pushed to the exterior and follows the grid of the large floor-to-ceiling window bays. This introduces a depth to the façade on the exterior and liberates the interior from freestanding columns. Slab and column are clad with gently curved glass covers, which wrap over the structure and can be read as a continuation of the windowpanes. On the one hand the skeleton and bones of the building are expressed, on the other they melt into the glass surface of the window bays and dissolve in a play of translucency, light and reflection. The color of the building is the color of the glass, with its many shades of green, which depend on light, viewing angle, thickness and the glass layering.

In the interior, many of the master bathrooms have large windows to the exterior and are organized in narrow and tall bays, reminiscent of the New York lot. Sinks, shower and bathtub are partly embedded in the walls to create intimate, embracing niches. The separation of dry and wet areas and the selection of wood and Corian as the finish for each emphasize and enhance the specific use.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2006

FACTS

This project was developed in collaboration with an architect licensed in the state of New York acting as the "Architect of Record". Herzog & de Meuron is not licensed to practice architecture in New York State.

Herzog & de Meuron Team:

Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Ascan Mergenthaler
Project Managers: Mark Loughnan (Associate), Sarah Cremin
Project Team: Roman Aebi, Marcos Carreno, Julie Firkin, Volker Helm, Kentaro Ishida, Donald Mak, Götz Menzel, Severin Odermatt, Philipp Schaerer, Günter Schwob, Charles Stone, Caro van de Venne

Client:
Ian Schrager Company, New York, USA

Planning:
General Planning: Handel Architects LLP, New York, USA
Planning: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
Structural Engineer: Desimone Consulting Engineers, New York, USA
Mechanical Engineer: Ambrosino DePinto & Schmieder, New York, USA
Construction Management: Bovis Lend Lease, New York, USA

Specialist / Consultants:
Facade Consulting: Israel Berger & Associates, New York, USA; Dewhurst Macfarlane and Partners, New York, USA
Lighting: Johnson Light Studio, New York, USA

Building Data:

Building Footprint: 808sqm / 8,700sqft
Gross Floor Area: 7,731sqm / 83,216sqft
Building Dimensions: Depth 20m / 66ft; Width 41m / 136ft; Height 42m / 140ft
Number of Levels: 10

Figures:
New ten story residential building in New York City with 5 duplex townhouses and 23 apartments above

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva Monografías. Herzog & de Meuron 2005-2013.
Vol. No. 157/158, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SL, 09.2012.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia; Richard Levene (Eds.): El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 2005-2010. Programme, Monument, Landscape. Programa, Monumento, Paisaje.
Vol. No. 152/153, Madrid, El Croquis, 2010.

Paul Kuitenbrouwer: Herzog & de Meuron: 40 Bond, New York.
In: Eelco van Welie (Ed.). DASH Delft Architectural Studies on Housing. The Luxury City Apartment. Het Luxe Stadsappartement. Rotterdam, NAi, 2009. pp. 60-67.

Herzog & de Meuron. 40 Bond, Apartment Building.
In: Materia. Vol. No. 58, Milan, Frederico Motta Editore, 06.2008. pp. 62-75.

Stefano Casciani: Tags and the City.
In: Domus. Contemporary Architecture, Interiors, Design, Art. Vol. No. 910, Rozzano, Editoriale Domus S.p.A., 01.2008. pp. 92-99.

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva. Herzog & de Meuron 1978-2007.
2nd rev. ed. Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 2007.