Herzog & de Meuron
Project
2003-2006
236_MO_0409_500_final
236_MO_0409_500_final
250_CO_2_07_236_wall_layout_01_E
250_CO_2_07_236_wall_layout_01_E
236_MU_0408_500
236_MU_0408_500

Process

A memorial to the poet Ai Qing is created on the banks of the River Yiwu. Herzog & de Meuron revise the master plan for the adjacent new district.

236_SI_0303_040
236_SI_0303_040
236_SI_0308_115_Site
236_SI_0308_115_Site
236_SI_0309_008_AM_K
236_SI_0309_008_AM_K
236_SI_0607_463
236_SI_0607_463
236_SI_0308_181_K
236_SI_0308_181_K
236_SI_0303_147_masterpln
236_SI_0303_147_masterpln
236_EV_0305_500_BaselMtg
236_EV_0305_500_BaselMtg

Herzog & de Meuron’s proposal, combining an organic settlement, defined by natural forms, with the concept of an orthogonal grid, creates a new type of master plan for Chinese cities.

236_RFcl_0306_035_IdealCity
236_RFcl_0306_035_IdealCity
236_RFnl_020
236_RFnl_020

The new master plan is based on the layout of the existing rice paddies. A grid is laid over the entire area, interrupted in two places by a different type of development echoing the course of dried-up tributaries to the Yiwu. The concentration of buildings in the north frees up space for a park.

236_DR_0309_002_Powerpoint
236_DR_0309_002_Powerpoint
236_DR_0309_003
236_DR_0309_003
236_DR_0309_004_Powerpoint
236_DR_0309_004_Powerpoint
236_DR_0309_005_Powerpoint
236_DR_0309_005_Powerpoint
236_CI_0309_002
236_CI_0309_002
236_CI_0309_001
236_CI_0309_001
236_MO_0309_078
236_MO_0309_078

The architects also design the buildings for the master plan, creating three different typological zones: “Mountain,” “Village,” and “Field.”

236_EV_0307_046_BaselMtg
236_EV_0307_046_BaselMtg
236_EV_0312_501_team
236_EV_0312_501_team

The Mountain zone, with high-rise buildings of up to fourteen stories, cuts across the Field towards the river. The individual buildings comprise concrete and glass layers and create dynamic street spaces with canyon-like openings. Conversions to apartments lead to variants with balconies.

236_MO_0404_038-A_mountain
236_MO_0404_038-A_mountain
236_DR_0701_003_APT
236_DR_0701_003_APT
236_CI_0610_096
236_CI_0610_096
236_MO_0310_193
236_MO_0310_193
236_MO_0310_210
236_MO_0310_210
236_MO_0310_214
236_MO_0310_214
236_MO_0612_001_064-MOa
236_MO_0612_001_064-MOa
236_MO_0612_036_072-MOc
236_MO_0612_036_072-MOc
236_MO_0609_031
236_MO_0609_031

In the second transverse interruption, the Village, there are buildings with a maximum of six stories and mainly square footprints housing shops and restaurants, offering flexibility in the design of their facades.

236_MO_0404_038-A_Village
236_MO_0404_038-A_Village
250_2_CO_040423_198
250_2_CO_040423_198
236_CI_0309_002_Village
236_CI_0309_002_Village
236_MO_0403_013
236_MO_0403_013
236_MO_0404_186_village
236_MO_0404_186_village
236_MO_0402_516
236_MO_0402_516

The Field, the most extensive zone, accommodates long, low-rise buildings of two to three stories in height.

236_CI_0309_001_Field
236_CI_0309_001_Field
236_MO_0308_028_grid
236_MO_0308_028_grid
236_MO_0308_031_grid
236_MO_0308_031_grid
236_MO_0404_149
236_MO_0404_149
236_MO_0404_323_field
236_MO_0404_323_field
236_MO_0404_301_field
236_MO_0404_301_field
236_MO_0309_015_GridArch
236_MO_0309_015_GridArch
236_MO_0309_014_GridArch
236_MO_0309_014_GridArch

Taking inspiration from the free forms used for wall openings and tiles in traditional Chinese buildings, the architects develop a pentagonal-to-octagonal honeycomb pattern that is laid over the volumes like a virtual net, allowing a free choice of openings.

236_MU_0401_008
236_MU_0401_008
236_DT_0402_505_636
236_DT_0402_505_636
236_DR_0403_508_Field
236_DR_0403_508_Field
236_DR_0406_023_FORMS
236_DR_0406_023_FORMS
236_DR_0406_022_CATALOGUE
236_DR_0406_022_CATALOGUE
236_DR_0406_024_PATTERNS
236_DR_0406_024_PATTERNS
236_DR_0406_020_V-24
236_DR_0406_020_V-24
236_DR_0403_500_Field
236_DR_0403_500_Field

Herzog & de Meuron take advantage of local materials and production methods in their designs.

236_MU_0402_343
236_MU_0402_343
236_MU_0402_323
236_MU_0402_323
236_MO_0403_Making-walls
236_MO_0403_Making-walls
236_SI_0308_046_Site
236_SI_0308_046_Site
250_MO_0405_517_KOJE_JINHUA
250_MO_0405_517_KOJE_JINHUA

Different ways of using local bricks facilitate a wide variety of finishes.

236_MU_0403_005
236_MU_0403_005
236_MU_0403_084
236_MU_0403_084
236_PP_0405_componts_082
236_PP_0405_componts_082
236_MU_0408_500
236_MU_0408_500
236_MU_0403_131
236_MU_0403_131
236_PP_0405_componts_081
236_PP_0405_componts_081
236_MU_0403_374
236_MU_0403_374
236_PP_0405_componts_087
236_PP_0405_componts_087

Drawings

236_DR_190830_241_1-2500_SECTION
236_DR_190830_241_1-2500_SECTION
236_DR_190830_1-2500_MASTERPLAN
236_DR_190830_1-2500_MASTERPLAN

Team

Facts

In Collaboration With
Ai Weiwei, Beijing, China
Client
Jindong New District Constructing Headquarters of Jinhua City
Planning
Design Consultant: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
Architect Construction : Zhejiang Jinhua Building Design Institute, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China
Structural Engineering: WGG Schnetzer Puskas Ingenieure AG, Basel, Switzerland
Specialist / Consulting
Traffic Consulting: Rudolf Keller & Partner Verkehrsingenieure AG, Basel, Switzerland
Building Data
Site Area: 1'855'696 sqft, 172'400 sqm
Gross floor area (GFA): 2'680'211 sqft, 249'000 sqm

Bibliography

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: “Herzog & de Meuron 1997-2001. The Complete Works. Volume 4.” Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008. Vol. No. 4.

Building Review. Herzog & de Meuron.” Vol. No. 340, Beijing, Art and Design Publishing House, 03.2007. pp. 8-140.

Nobuyuki Yoshida (Ed.): “Architecture and Urbanism. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006.” Tokyo, A+U Publishing Co., Ltd., 08.2006.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia, Richard Levene (Eds.): “El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006. Monumento e Intimidad. The Monumental and the Intimate.
Vol. No. 129/130, Madrid, El Croquis, 2006.

“Jindong New Development Area, Jinhua. Herzog & de Meuron.” In: Nobuyuki Yoshida (Ed.). “Architecture and Urbanism. Architecture in China.” Vol. No. 399, Tokyo, A+U Publishing Co., Ltd., 12.2003. pp. 94-99.