369 RICOLA KRÄUTERZENTRUM

369
Ricola Kräuterzentrum
Laufen, Switzerland
Project 2010-2013, realization 2013-2014

Architecture and Landscape
The new Kräuterzentrum (herb center) is situated like an erratic block in the midst of a landscape dotted with conventional industrial buildings. Its elongated shape echoes the pathways and the hedges that have long been a distinctive feature of this area. The length of the building also reflects the steps involved in the industrial processing of herbs, from drying and cutting to blending and storing. The new processing plant enables Ricola to integrate these important steps in the company's own in-house production.

Architecture as Landscape
The Kräuterzentrum is built largely out of locally sourced earth; it is like a geometrical segment of landscape with its dimensions and archaic impact heightened by the radical choice of material. Herbs and earth define the purpose-built, distinctive character of the center, following in the footsteps of Ricola‘s other buildings: the fully automated storage building of 1987, the production and storage building of 1993 in Mulhouse-Brunstatt with its screenprint façade and the glazed marketing headquarters of 1999 in Laufen. These buildings not only embody Ricola's exceptional philosophy and commitment to the environment, they each make a striking contribution to their locations.

The delivery entrance and warehouse sections of the herb center’s façade are monolithic, with the loam walls visible in the interior as well. The prefabricated earth elements are manufactured in a nearby factory out of ingredients extracted from local quarries and mines. Loam, marl and material excavated on site are mixed and compacted in a formwork and then layered in blocks to build the walls. Thanks to the plasticity of the loam, the seams can be retouched giving the overall structure a homogeneous appearance. To arrest erosion caused by wind and rain, a trass mortar achieved mixing volcanic tuff (trass) with lime, is compacted every 8 layers of earth directly in the formwork. Large round windows illuminate the rooms. The façade is self-supporting and simply linked to the concrete loadbearing structure of the interior.

Energy and Sustainability
Energy and sustainability are not simply treated as technical auxiliaries; they are built into the architecture and essential features of the project as a whole. Earth as a material that regulates humidity has a positive, sustainable effect on the use of energy and overall climate control. Photovoltaic modules on the roof and the use of waste heat from the production center nearby also contribute to improving the ecological balance of the Kräuterzentrum. Visitors will be able to watch the processing and blending of the herbs in a special visitor center on the top floor.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2014

FACTS

Herzog & de Meuron Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Stefan Marbach (Partner in Charge)
Project Team: Michael Fischer (Associate, Project Director), Nina Andrea Renner (Project Manager)
Zdenek Chmel, Wolfgang Hardt (Partner), Harald Schmidt, Hendrik Steinigeweg, Luca Ugolini, Freya Winkelmann

Rammed Earth Facade Specialist:
Lehm Ton Erde Baukunst Gmbh, Schlins, Austria
Martin Rauch, Thomas Honermann, Hanno Burstcher

Client: Ricola AG, Laufen, Switzerland

Client Representative: Dr. Hans Batzer, Ricola AG, Laufen, Switzerland

Planning:
Design Consultant, Executive Architect: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
General Planning, Cost Consultant: Kundert Planer AG, Schlieren, Switzerland
General Contractor: Priora Generalunternehmung AG, Basel, Switzerland
Electrical Engineering: Pfister + Gloor Engineering, AG Baden-Dättwill, Switzerland; Selmoni Ingenieur AG, Basel, Switzerland
HVAC Engineering: Cofely AG, Basel, Switzerland; Kundert Planer AG, Schlieren, Switzerland
Structural Engineering: Schnetzer Puskas AG, Basel, Switzerland
Engineering Design: Transsolar Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany
Plant Layout: Kundert Planer AG, Schlieren, Switzerland


Specialist / Consulting
Cost Consultant: Rapp Arcoplan AG, Basel, Switzerland
Acoustics: Martin Lienhard, Langenbruck, Switzerland
Building Physics: Zimmermann + Leuthe GmbH, Aetigkofen, Switzerland; Transsolar Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany
Civil Engineering: Schnetzer Puskas Ing. , Basel, Switzerland
Facade Engineering: Emmer Pfenninger Partner AG, Münchenstein, Switzerland; Lehm Ton Erde Baukunst GmbH, Schlins, Austria
Geometrician: Peter Jäckle AG, Laufen, Switzerland
Geotechnical Consultant: Kiefer & Studer AG, Reinach, Switzerland
Sustainability Consultant: PE CEE GmbH, Vienna, Austria
 

Building Data:
Site Area: 15,354sqm / 165'269sqft
Building Footprint: 3,218 sqm / 34'660 sqft
Building Dimensions: Length 111m / 365ft; Width 29m / 95ft; Height 11m / 36ft
Gross Floor Area (GF): 4,800sqm / 51'667 sqft
Number of Levels: 3


SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.):  Arquitectura Viva Monografias. Herzog & de Meuron 2013-2017.

Vol. No. 191-192, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SL, 12.2016.

 

Ricola Kräuterzentrum in Laufen.
In: Christian Schittich (Ed.). Detail. Zeitschrift für Architektur und Baudetail. Munich, Institut für internationale Architektur-Dokumentation GmbH & Co., 03.2015. pp. 210-222.

Adrian Meyer: Neugieriger Respekt.
In: Verband freierwerbender Schweizer Architekten, FSAI (Ed.). Archithese. Internationale Zeitschrift und Schriftenreihe für Architektur. Sulgen, Niggli, 02.2015. pp. 68-73.

Hierba y tierra. Ricola Herb center in Laufen, Switzerland.
In: Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.). Arquitectura Viva. Vol. No. 168, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SRL, 11.2014. pp. 22-27.

Christiane Müller: Oekologisch korrekt.
In: Baumeister. Munich, Georg D.W. Callwey , 08.2014. pp. 65-62.

Hubertus Adam: Aus dem Boden gewachsen. Produktions- und Lagergebäude in Laufen (CH).
In: Katja Kohlhammer (Ed.). Deutsche Bauzeitung. Zeitschrift für Architekten und Bauingenieure. Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Konradin Medien GmbH, 11.2014. pp. 30-36.

Gerhard Mack: Sieben Bauten. Seven Buildings 1983-2014. Ricola - Herzog & de Meuron. Edited by: Ricola AG. Laufen, Ricola AG, 2014.