349 PARRISH ART MUSEUM

349
Parrish Art Museum
Water Mill, New York, USA
Project 2009-2010, realization 2010-2012

The starting point for the new Parrish Art Museum is the artist’s studio in the East End of Long Island. We set the basic parameters for a single gallery space by distilling the studio’s proportions and adopting its simple house section with north-facing skylights. Two of these model galleries form wings around a central circulation spine that is then bracketed by two porches to form the basis of a straightforward building extrusion.

The floor plan of this extrusion is a direct translation of the ideal functional layout. A cluster of ten galleries defines the heart of the museum. The size and proportion of these galleries can be easily adapted by re-arranging partition walls within the given structural grid. To the east of the gallery core are located the back of house functions of administration, storage, workshops and loading dock. To the west of the galleries are housed the public program areas of the lobby, shop, and café with a flexible multi-purpose and educational space at the far western end.

An ordered sequence of post, beam and truss defines the unifying backbone of the building. Its materialisation is a direct expression of readily accessible building materials and local construction methods. The exterior walls of in situ concrete act as long bookends to the overall building form, while the grand scale of these elemental walls is tempered with a continuous bench formed at its base for sitting and viewing the surrounding landscape. Large overhangs running the full length of the building provide shelter for outdoor porches and terraces.

The placement of the building is a direct result of the skylights facing towards the north. This east-west orientation, and its incidental diagonal relationship within the site, generates dramatically changing perspective views of the building and further emphasises the building’s extreme yet simple proportions. It lays in an extensive meadow of indigenous grasses that refers to the natural landscape of Long Island.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2012

FACTS

This project was developed in collaboration with an architect licensed in the state of New York acting as the "Architect of Record". Herzog & de Meuron is not licensed to practice architecture in New York State.

Herzog & de Meuron Team:

Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Ascan Mergenthaler (Partner in Charge)

Project Team: Philip Schmerbeck (Associate, Project Director), Jayne Barlow (Associate), Raymond Jr. Gaëtan

Jack Brough, Marta Brandão, Sara Jacinto, Tom Powell, Nils Sanderson, Leo Schneidewind, Camia Young

Client:
Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York, USA

Planning:
Design Consultant: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
Executive Architect: Douglas Moyer Architect PC, Sag Harbor, NY, USA
Structural Engineering: S.L. Maresca & Associates, Hampton Bays, NY, USA
Mechanical Engineering: Buro Happold, New York, NY, USA
Furniture Design: Konstantin Grcic Industrial Design, Munich, Germany
Landscape Architect: Reed Hilderbrand Landscape Architecture, Watertown, MA, USA

Consulting:
Geotechnical Consultant: Langan, New York, NY, USA
Civil Engineering: Nelson, Pope & Voorhis Engineers & Surveryors, Melville, NY, USA
Security Consultant: Ducivella Venter & Santore, New Haven, CT, USA
AV/IT/Acoustics Consultant: Shen/Milsom/Wilke, New York, NY, USA
Commissioning Agent: Dometech, Edison, NJ, USA
Concrete Consultant: Reginald D. Hough, Rhinebeck, NY, USA
Lighting Designer: ARUP Lighting (Andrew Sedgewick), London, UK
Lighting Engineer: ARUP Lighting, New York, NY, USA
Signage Design: LaPlaca Cohen, New York, NY, USA
Soil Engineer: D.B. Bennett, P.E., East Hampton, NY, USA
Surveyor: Saskas Surveying Company, P.C., East Hampton, NY, USA

Building Data:
Site Area: 55,890sqm / 601,000sqft
Gross Floor Area (GFA): 4,673sqm / 50,300sqft
Number of Levels: 1
Footprint: 3,195sqm / 34,400sqft
Length: 187m / 615ft
Width: 29m / 95ft
Height:  9m / 32ft

Use / Function:
Basement Mechanical: 1,477sqm
Circulation: 150sqm
Storage/Support: 240sqm
Archive: 180sqm incl. art storage, works on paper
Administrative Offices: 393sqm
Galleries: 1,133sqm
Cafe: 98 m2
Visitor Services: 347sqm incl. lobby, shop, restrooms, coats
Multipurpose Theater: 268sqm incl. projection & changing rm
194 seats (un-fixed)
Exterior: 1,255sqm incl. covered terraces and porches

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Emmanuel Petit: Horizon Line. Synthesising Allusions to the Vernacular with contemporary Abstraction, the new Parrish Art Museum encapsulates the changing Dynamic between Art, Landscape and Architecture.
In: Catherine Slessor (Ed.). The Architectural Review. Vol. No. 1391, London, Emap Inform, 01.2013. pp. 35-43.

Florian Idenburg: Ducks and Sheds. Herzog & de Meuron: Parrish Art Museum, Water Mill, New York.
In: Verband freierwerbender Schweizer Architekten, FSAI (Ed.). Archithese. Internationale Zeischrift und Schriftenreihe für Architektur. Swiss Performance 13. Vol. No. 1, Sulgen, Niggli Ltd., 01.2013. pp. 10-15.

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva Monografías. Herzog & de Meuron 2005-2013.
Vol. No. 157/158, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SL, 09.2012.

Matthew Allen: Parrish Art Museum.
In: Joseph Grima (Ed.). Domus. Contemporary Architecture, Interiors, Design, Art. Vol. No. 965, Milan, Domus S.p.A., 01.2013

Paul Goldberger: The Hamptons get a new Museum and not only is it garish, it's wonderful.
In: Vanity Fair. New York, Condé Nast, 06.12.2012.

Jordan Mejias: M wie Minimalismus. Die schönste Scheune von Long Island: Das Parrish Art Museum ist ein zweihundert Meter langer Geniestreich von Herzog & de Meuron.
In: Werner D'Inka, Berthold Kohler, Günther Nonnenmacher (Eds.) et al. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Frankfurt, Fazit-Stiftung Gemeinnützige Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 30.11.2012. p. 33.

Fred A. Bernstein: First Look: Herzog & de Meuron's Parrish Art Museum.
In: William Hanley (Ed.). Architectural Record. New York, The McGraw-Hill Companies, 02.10.2012.

Herzog & de Meuron.

In: Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.). Arquitectura Viva Proyectos. Vol. No. 040, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SL, 2010. pp. 4-29.