311 WATERFRONT HOTEL

311
Waterfront Hotel
Helsinki, Finland
Project 2007-2008

Helsinki’s greatest natural asset is its water. It is the reason for the city’s location and has sustained its economy. The picturesque waterfront remains a favorite natural place to walk and relax.

Another specific feature of Helsinki is its historic center. It contains the city’s famous monuments and remains the most popular urban destination for residents and visitors. The regular street grid of the center was the great modern feature of the 19th century city and still defines its character and growth.
The Helsinki Waterfront Hotel combines these strong assets to form a new prominent destination.

Located at the edge of Katajanokka and the city center, at the point where the Esplanadi opens onto the South Harbour, the new building continues the central public space further along the waterfront. Standing at the water, in a reflective glass wrap, the new hotel belongs to the city center and the harbour water alike.

The form of the building is a direct response to the classicist grid and at the same time an efficient translation of the program: a 5 star hotel with 200 guest rooms. A cross layout on the ground level contains the four main public parts and services. A second cross, hovering above, accommodates the guest units. The cross on the ground is oriented to the local street grid and harbour bank at Katajanokka, relating the hotel to its neighbours on the street level. The hovering cross above is rotated to the grid of the historic city, bringing the strong features of the center to the peninsula. The different orientations of the two crosses create a dynamic presence: they anchor the building to its site and, at the same time, detach it from its immediate surroundings, linking it to the city center.

The area around the hotel is transformed by reclaiming back water. The proposed pool continues the necklace of basins where the city center meets the South Harbour. A new pier extends the walk from the Esplanadi deep into the harbour, allowing a spectacular view from the water back to the historic city.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2008

FACTS

Herzog & de Meuron Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Ascan Mergenthaler
Project Architects: Tomislav Dushanov (Associate), Kivi-Mikael Keller (Project Manager)
Project Team: Eetu Arponen, Michael Bär, Hauke Jungjohann, Osma Lindroos, Sara Secci, Iva Smrke

Client:

AB Invest A/S, Norway; Arthur Buchardt, Anders Buchardt

Planning:
Architect Planning: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
Construction Management: Skanska, Helsinki, Finland

Building Data:
Site Area: approx. 8,500sqm
Building Footprint: approx. 2,450sqm
Building Dimensions: Length aprox. 75m, Width aprox. 75m, Height 21m
Gross Floor Area: aprox. 12,100sqm (above ground)

Program:
- 5 star hotel
- 200 guest units
- Lobby
- Restaurant
- Bar
- Conference area
- Meeting rooms
- Fitness

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Juha Ilonen: To Have and Have not. Helsingin Keskeisen Rantamaiseman Uudet Tuulet. New Designs for Helsinki's Main Seafront.
In: Harri Hautajärvi (Ed.). ark Arkkitehti. Finsk Arkitekturtidskrift. Finnish Architectural Review. Vol. No. 105, Helsinki, Suomen Arkkitehtiliitto. Finlands Arkitektförbund SAFA. Finnish Association of Architects, 02.2008. pp. 26-29.

Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog y de Meuron en el frente de Helsinki.
In: Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.). Arquitectura Viva. Vol. No. 116, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 2007. p. 13.