205 ALLIANZ ARENA

205
Allianz Arena
München-Fröttmaning, Germany
Competition 2001-2002, project 2002-2004, realization 2002-2005

Three themes define our architectural and urban concept for the world championship football stadium in Munich (the Allianz Arena): the presence of the stadium as an illuminated body that can change its appearance and is situated in an open landscape, the procession-like arrival of fans in a landscaped area and the crater-like interior of the stadium itself

Both the shell and the structural skeleton of the stadium are designed throughout to implement these three key concerns. Hence, the main stairs along the outside of the shell follow the line of greatest slope, underscoring the procession-like approach of visitors to the stadium.

These themes lend the project its distinctive character, while other locations and rooms, such as the VIP Lounges, Lobbies, Catering Zones, etc., are functionally indistinguishable from those of other stadiums and are subject to the changes inevitably introduced by their users.

The stadium as an illuminated body
As a huge luminous body, the stadium marks a new location in the open landscape to the north between the airport and downtown Munich. The skin of the luminous body consists of large, shimmering white, diamond-shaped ETFE cushions, each of which can be illuminated separately in white, red or light blue. The football stadium will be the home of two local football clubs, FC Bayern Munich (club colours: red, white) and TSV 1860 (club colours: blue, white). The color of the cushions can be controlled digitally so that the home team playing in the stadium can be identified from the outside: Red for FC Bayern Munich, blue for TSV 1860. The changing appearance of the stadium will enhance its attraction as an urban monument even for people who are not interested in football.

The arrival of fans at the stadium
The car parks are laid out between the underground station and the stadium so as to create an artificial landscape for the arrival and departure of the fans. This landscape contains swathes of green that blend in with the vegetation of the surrounding Fröttmaning Heath. Meandering asphalt paths determine and shape the rhythm and flow of the throngs of visitors, somewhat like a procession.

The interior as a crater
Since only football will be played in the new Munich Stadium, the seating is directly adjacent to the pitch and each of the three tiers is as close as possible to the playing field. The incline increasing from bottom to top creates additional special density. As in Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, spectators sit right next to where the action takes place.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2006

FACTS

Herzog & de Meuron Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Robert Hösl
Project Architect: Tim Hupe
Project Team: Andreas Beier, Felix Beyreuther, Sven Bietau, Jean-Claude Cadalbert, Georgios Chaitidis, Gregor Dietrich, Alex Fhtenakis, Katja Fiebrandt, Eric Frisch, Martin Fröhlich, Hans Gruber, Nikolai Happ, Roman Harbaum, Claudia von Hessert, Uta Kamps, Sebastian Koch, Sebastian Massmann, Christoph Mauz, Kai Merkert, Beatriz Noves Salto, Matthias Pektor, Daniel Reisch, Roland Rossmaier, Christoph Röttinger, Christoph Schuchardt, Christian Schühle, Beate Semprich, Elia Spandri, Tobias Winkelmann, Christian Zerreis

Herzog & de Meuron Competition Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Harry Gugger
Project Architect: Tim Hupe
Project Team: Patrick Ambrosetti, Nicolas Feldmeyer, Maria Flaccavento, Christian Grou, Markus Haberstroh, Wolfgang Hardt, Philipp Kim,
Matei Manaila, Gabriela Mazza, Jan-Frederik Peters, Daniel Pokora, Catherine Preiswerk, Philipp Schaerer, Tapio Snellmann, Daniel Tobler, Adrien Verschuere, Tobias Winkelmann

Client:
Allianz Arena - München Stadion GmbH

Clubs:
FC Bayern München and TSV 1860 München

Sponsoring:
Allianz AG

Planning:
General Planning: HVB Immobilien AG, Munich, Germany
Architect Planning: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
General Contractor: Alpine Bau Deutschland AG, Eching, Germany

Building Data:
Site Area: 310,000sqm
Building Footprint: 37,600sqm
Gross Floor Area: 171,000sqm
Building Dimensions: Length 227m, Width 258m, Height 50m /164ft, Circumference 840m, Dimension of esplanade: 133m x 600m

Capacity:
Total: 69,901 capacity undercover (including executive boxes and business seats
Lower tiers: 20,000 seats
Middle tiers: 24,000 seats
Upper tier: 22,000 seats
In the north and south stands: 10,400 standing: a relationship of 1-1.3 vario-seats
2,200 business seats and about 400 seats for the press
106 VIP boxes of various sizes accommodating approx. 1,374 guests
165 special seats for the disabled at main entrance / exterior ground level (no change of level)

Parking Spaces:
Total: 11,000 parking places
1,200 on two levels in the stadium, 9’800 in esplanade car parks
350 parking places for buses
130 parking places for disabled

Other Facilities:
- 28 kiosks
- TSV 1860-Fan-Restaurant in the north stand (1,000 seats)
- FC-Bayern-Fan-Restaurant in the south stand (1,000 seats)
- Restaurant Arena a la carte accommodating 400 people
- Press club with approx. 350 seats
- Offices and conference rooms
- Mixed zone 520sqm
- Comfortably appointed media areas
- 18 fan shops
- Megastores FC Bayern
- 54 ticket counters
- 2 warm-up rooms, each 110sqm
- 550 WC-cubicles
- 190 monitors in the arena

Opening games:
30 May 2005: TSV 1860 v. 1.FC Nürnberg
31 May 2005: FC Bayern v. Germany

FIFA World Cup Germany 2006:
six games: opening game, 3 group matches, 1 quarter-final, 1 semifinal

UEFA Champions League Final 2012:
19 May 2012

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1997-2001. Das Gesamtwerk. Band 4.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008. Vol. No. 4.

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1997-2001. The Complete Works. Volume 4.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008. Vol. No. 4.

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva. Herzog & de Meuron 1978-2007.
2nd rev. ed. Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 2007.

Nobuyuki Yoshida (Ed.): Architecture and Urbanism. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006.
Tokyo, A+U Publishing Co., Ltd., 08.2006.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia, Richard Levene (Eds.): El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006. Monumento e Intimidad. The Monumental and the Intimate.
Vol. No. 129/130, Madrid, El Croquis, 2006.

Gian-Marco Jenatsch: Fokussierte Intensität. Die Allianz Arena in München von Herzog & de Meuron.
In: Verlegergemeinschaft Werk, Bauen + Wohnen (Ed.). Werk, Bauen + Wohnen. Vázquez Consuegra et cetera. Vol. No. 7/8, Zurich, Werk AG, 07.2005. pp. 40-47.

Jacques Herzog, Robert Hösl, Frank Kaltenbach, Christian Schittich: Unsere Stadien sind Wahrnehmungsmaschinen zwischen Zuschauer und Spielfeld. Our Stadiums are Perceptual Mechanisms between Spectators and the Playing Field. Ein Gespräch mit Herzog & de Meuron. An Interview with Herzog & de Meuron.
In: Christian Schittich (Ed.). Detail. Zeitschrift für Architektur. Review of Architecture. Konzept Stadien. Stadiums. Vol. No. 9, Munich, Institut für internationale Architektur-Dokumentation GmbH & Co., 2005. pp. 900-906.

Alfred Dürr, Frank Kaltenbach, Jay Parrish: Allianz Arena München. The Allianz Arena in Munich. Herzog & de Meuron, Basel.
In: Christian Schittich (Ed.). Detail. Zeitschrift für Architektur. Review of Architecture. Konzept Stadien. Stadiums. Vol. No. 9, Munich, Institut für internationale Architektur-Dokumentation GmbH & Co., 2005. pp. 950-998.

Luis Fernández-Galiano: Diálogo y Logo. Jacques Herzog piensa en Voz Alta.
In: Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.). Arquitectura Viva. Vol. No. 91, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 07.2003. pp. 25-31; pp. 125-127.