201 CAIXAFORUM MADRID

201
CaixaForum Madrid
Madrid, Spain
Project 2001-2003, realization 2003-2008

A magnet
The CaixaForum is conceived as an urban magnet attracting not only art-lovers but all people of Madrid and from outside. The attraction will not only be CaixaForum's cultural program, but also the building itself, insofar that its heavy mass, is detached from the ground in apparent defiance of the laws of gravity and, in a real sense, draws the visitors inside.

A new address for the arts
The CaixaForum-Madrid stands on an advantageous site facing the Paseo del Prado and the Botanical Garden vis à vis. This new address for the arts is located in an area occupied until now by unspectacular urban structures, the Central Eléctrica Power Station, and a gas station. The classified brick walls of the former power station are reminiscences of the early industrial age in Madrid, while the gas station, a purely functional structure, was clearly out of place. Like a vineyard that could never develop its full potential because it was planted with the wrong grape, this prominent location could not develop its full potential. The demolition of the gas station created a small plaza between the Paseo del Prado and the new CaixaForum in the converted power station.

A spectacular transformation
The only material of the old power station that we could use was the classified brick shell. In order to conceive and insert the new architectural components of the CaixaForum, we began with a surgical operation, separating and removing the base and the parts of the building no longer needed. This opened a completely novel and spectacular perspective that simultaneously solved a number of problems posed by the site. The removal of the base of the building left a covered plaza under the brick shell, which now appears to float above the street level. This sheltered space under the CaixaForum offers shade to visitors who want to spend time or meet outside, and at the same time, it is the entrance to the Forum itself. Problems such as the narrowness of the surrounding streets, the placement of the main entrance, and the architectural identity of this contemporary art institution are addressed and solved in a single urban and sculptural gesture.

A construction below and a construction above ground
The separation of the structure from the ground level creates two worlds: one below and the other above the ground. The "underworld" buried beneath the topographically landscaped plaza provides space for a theater/auditorium, service rooms, and several parking spaces. The multi-storied building above ground houses the entrance lobby and galleries, a restaurant and administrative offices. There is a contrast between the flexible and loft-like character of the exhibition spaces and the spatial complexity of the top floor with its restaurant / bar and the offices. The surprising sculptural aspect of the CaixaForum’s silhouette is no mere architectural fancy, but reflects the roofscape of the surrounding buildings.
Herzog & de Meuron, 2008

FACTS

Herzog & de Meuron Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Harry Gugger
Project Architects: Peter Ferretto, (Associate), Carlos Gerhard (Associate), Stefan Marbach (Associate), Benito Blanco
Project Team: Heitor Garcia Lantaron, Estelle Grosberg, Pedro Guedes, Michel Kehl, Miguel Marcelino, Gabi Mazza, Beatrice Noves Salto, Margarita Salmeron, Stefano Tagliacarne

Client:
Obra Social Fundación “LaCaixa“, Madrid, Spain; Caixa d’Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Planning:
Associate Architect: Mateu i Bausells Arquitectura, Madrid, Spain
Project Management: Servihabitat, Barcelona, Spain ; Construcción i Control, Barcelona, Spain
General Contractor: Ferrovial Agroman, Madrid, Spain
Structural Engineering: WGG Schnetzer Puskas Ingenieure, Basel, Switzerland; NB35, Madrid, Spain
MEP Engineering: Urculo Ingenieros, Madrid, Spain

Specialist / Consulting:
Facade Consulting: Emmer Pfenninger Partner AG, Basel, Switzerland; ENAR, Madrid, Spain
Lighting: Arup Lighting, London, UK
Acoustics: Audioscan, Barcelona, Spain
Green Wall: Herzog & de Meuron in collaboration with Patrick Blanc, Artist-Botanist, Paris, France
Green Wall Consultant: Benavides & Lapèrche, Madrid, Spain
Exhibition & Staircase Floors: Terraconti, Madrid, Spain

Building Data:
Site Area: building site: 1,934sqm / 20,817sqft; plaza: 650sqm / 6,996sqft
Building Footprint: 1,400sqm /15,069sqft
Building Dimensions: Length 44m / 144ft; Width 37m / 121ft; Height 28m / 92ft
Gross Floor Area: 11,000sqm/ 118,404sqft

Program:
- 2 main galleries with a total of 1’720 sqm exhibition space
- 333 seat auditorium
- Lobby, Cafeteria, Shop
- Restaurant
- Offices
- Multi-functional rooms for presentations and other activities
- Workshop for conservation and restoration
- Storage space for art work
- Covered entrance plaza with a total of 1’200 sqm (open to all four sides)
- Connecting plaza to Paseo del Prado
- Green Wall installation with a total of 600 sqm of plants

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva Monografías. Herzog & de Meuron 2005-2013.
Vol. No. 157/158, Madrid, Arquitectura Viva SL, 09.2012.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia; Richard Levene (Eds.): El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 2005-2010. Programme, Monument, Landscape. Programa, Monumento, Paisaje.
Vol. No. 152/153, Madrid, El Croquis, 2010.

Jacques Herzog: Caixa Forum. Madrid. Interview with Jacques Herzog.
In: Supplement: X Bienal Española de Arquitectura y Urbanismo. 10th Spanish Architecture and Urbanism Biennal. Madrid, StudioBananaTV, 2009. DVD, 3' 44''.

Anna Hohler, Harry Gugger: L'Énergie du Lieu.
In: Société Suisse des Ingénieurs et des Architectes, SIA (Ed.). Tracés. Bulletin Technique de la Suisse Romande. Vol. No. 21, Zurich, Société des éditions des associations techniques universitaires, SEATU, 11.2008. pp. 12-14.

Oliver Domeisen: Die Wiederkehr des Ornaments.
In: Christian Schittich (Ed.). Detail. Zeitschrift für Architektur + Baudetail. Munich, Institut für internationale Architektur-Dokumentation GmbH & Co. KG, 10.2008. pp. 1055-1066.

Klaus Englert: Kunst elektrisiert.
In: Schweizerischer Ingenieur- und Architektenverein, SIA (Ed.). Tec 21. Transformiert. Vol. No. 36, Zurich, Verlags-AG der akademischen technischen Vereine, 01.09.2008. pp. 29-33.

David Cohn: Eilige Schnittsequenz.
In: Bauverlag BV GmbH (Ed.). Bauwelt. Vol. No. 13, Gütersloh, Bauverlag BV GmbH, 04.04.2008. pp. 16-27.

Hubertus Adam: Schnitt und Pfropfung. Herzog & de Meuron. CaixaForum. Madrid 2002-2008.
In: Verband freierwerbender Schweizer Architekten, FSAI (Ed.). Archithese. Internationale Zeitschrift und Schriftenreihe für Architektur. Transformierte Landschaft. Vol. No. 2, Sulgen, Niggli Ltd., 03.2008. pp. 80-85.

Hubertus Adam: CaixaForum in Madrid.
In: Detail. Vol. No. 4, Munich, Institut für internationale Architektur-Dokumentation, 2008. p. 292.

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1997-2001. Das Gesamtwerk. Band 4.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008. Vol. No. 4.

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1997-2001. The Complete Works. Volume 4.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008. Vol. No. 4.

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva. Herzog & de Meuron 1978-2007.
2nd rev. ed. Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 2007.

Nobuyuki Yoshida (Ed.): Architecture and Urbanism. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006.
Tokyo, A+U Publishing Co., Ltd., 08.2006.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia, Richard Levene (Eds.): El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 2002-2006. Monumento e Intimidad. The Monumental and the Intimate.
Vol. No. 129/130, Madrid, El Croquis, 2006.