025 APARTMENT AND COMMERCIAL BUILDING

025
Apartment and Commercial Building Schützenmattstrasse
Basel, Switzerland
Competition 1984-1985, project 1991, realization 1992-1993

This commercial and apartment building was built on a parcel located within the city’s medieval perimeter. Thus, the long (23 meters) narrow (6.30 meters) measurements typical of medieval parcelling had to be accommodated. The architecture was strongly influenced by the parcel’s form which was utilised right to the back of the lot and has always had a highly specific floor plan and section in this densely-built context.

The apartments are each grouped around a central courtyard that opens on one side to the neighbouring parcel to the south. This side opening was not only intended to let light and sun reach the apartments but also to allow for the enjoyment of the branches of a large tree in the neighbour’s yard. Like a periscope, the façade around the courtyard is recessed floor-by-floor to clearly separate the individual apartments.

The stairway is separated from the elevator shaft to gain area for the central living space. The apartments are entered directly from the elevator. The stairs at the end of the parcel are an open construction thus fulfilling the additional function of a small loggia.

On the ground floor, a two-story hallway leads from the street along the old parcel wall and allows access to the Swiss Fire Fighting Museum located in the back courtyard. The street façade is made completely of glass and is protected by a cast-iron curtain construction that can be folded back piece-by-piece at will. Wavy light slits lend the curtain construction a flowing textile-like feeling. While the construction hides the living space behind it, its heavy cast-iron material serves as a counterweight protecting against the noisy street side. In both form and material the façade components are related to sewer grates and to the protective grilles placed around trees. Thus, emphasizing they have their origins in the world of the street.
Herzog & de Meuron, 1995

FACTS

Herzog & de Meuron Team:
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron,
Project Architect: André Maeder
Project Team: Dieter Jüngling ( Competition phase), Rina Plangger

Client:
Pensionskasse des Basler Staatspersonals, Basel, Switzerland

Planning:
Construction Management: Herzog & de Meuron, Basel, Switzerland
Roof Structure Planning: Helmut Pauli, Ingenieurbüro Schaub, Basel, Switzerland
Cast Iron Blinders: Philippe Petignat, Gerbervogt Holz und Mettalbau AG, Basel, Switzerland

Building Data:
Footprint Area: 180sqm / 1,937sqft
Gross Floor Area GF: 740sqm / 7,965sqft

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1978-1988. The Complete Works. Volume 1.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Chinese ed. Beijing, China Architecture & Building Press, 2010. Vol. No. 1.

Luis Fernández-Galiano (Ed.): Arquitectura Viva. Herzog & de Meuron 1978-2007.
2nd rev. ed. Madrid, Arquitectura Viva, 2007.

Fernando Márquez Cecilia, Richard Levene (Eds.): El Croquis. Herzog & de Meuron 1981-2000. Between the Face and the Landscape. The Cunning of Cosmetics. Entre el Rostro y el Paisaje. La Astucia de la Cosmética.
2nd adv. and rev. ed. Vol. No. 60+84, Madrid, El Croquis, 2005.

Herzog & de Meuron. Natural History.
Edited by: Philip Ursprung. Exh. Cat. Herzog & de Meuron. Archaeology of the Mind. Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal. 23 October 2002 - 6 April 2003. 2nd ed. Baden, Lars Müller, 2005.

Herzog & de Meuron. Naturgeschichte.
Edited by: Philip Ursprung. Exh. Cat. Herzog & de Meuron. Archaeology of the Mind. Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal. 23 October 2002 - 6 April 2003. 2nd ed. Baden, Lars Müller, 2005.

Herzog & de Meuron. Histoire Naturelle.
Edited by: Philip Ursprung. Exh. Cat. Herzog & de Meuron. Archaeology of the Mind. Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal. 23 October 2002 - 6 April 2003. Baden, Lars Müller, 2002.

Nobuyuki Yoshida (Ed.): Architecture and Urbanism. Herzog & de Meuron 1978-2002.
Tokyo, A+U Publishing Co., Ltd., 02.2002.

Jacques Herzog, Sabine Kraft, Christian Kühn: Mit allen Sinnen spüren. Jacques Herzog im Gespräch mit Sabine Kraft und Christian Kühn.
In: Sabine Kraft, Nikolaus Kuhnert, Günther Uhlig (Eds.). Archplus. Zeitschrift für Architektur und Städtebau. Architektur natürlich. Vol. No. 142, Aachen, ARCH+ Verlag GmbH, 07.1998. pp. 32-39.

Wilfried Wang: Herzog & de Meuron.
3rd adv. and rev. ed. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 1998. (= Studiopaperback).

Gerhard Mack, Herzog & de Meuron: Herzog & de Meuron 1978-1988. Das Gesamtwerk. Band 1. The Complete Works. Volume 1.
Edited by: Gerhard Mack. Basel / Boston / Berlin, Birkhäuser, 1997. Vol. No. 1.

Rita Capezzuto: Edificio per Abitazione nel Centro Storico di Basilea. Apartment Building in the Historic Centre of Bale. Herzog & de Meuron.
In: Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani (Ed.). Domus. Rivista Internazionale di Progetto. International Design Review. Vol. No. 756, Milan, Domus S.p.A., 01.1994. pp. 23-27.

Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Ernst Hubeli: Das Selbe und das Besondere. Ein Gespräch mit Jacques Herzog und Pierre de Meuron, neuere Arbeiten.
In: Verlegergemeinschaft Werk, Bauen + Wohnen (Ed.). Werk, Bauen + Wohnen. Formzwang, Freiheit der Form. Vol. No. 10, Zurich, Bauen + Wohnen GmbH, 10.1993. pp. 14-31.